MB SNiP Screen

Knowledge that can change your life

MB SNiP Screen

  • ■  No needles, no fuss!
  • ■  A focus on clinical validity
  • ■  We can screen your DNA for over
    160 traits and conditions including
    pre-screen and post-screen
    genetic counseling session
  • Background on Genetics
    DNA Helix

    Genetics is the science of heredity and variation in living organisms. The modern science of genetics, which seeks to understand the process of inheritance, began with the work of Gregor Mendel in the mid-nineteenth century. Although he did not know the physical basis for heredity, Mendel observed that organisms inherit traits in a discrete manner - these basic units of inheritance are called genes.

    DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, is the hereditary material in living organisms which contains the biological instructions that make each species unique. DNA contains the instructions needed for an organism to develop, survive and reproduce. DNA is often referred to as the blueprint of life, since it contains the instructions needed to construct other components of cells.

    It is the DNA segments that carry this genetic information that are called genes.

    What are SNPs and why are they important?

    SNP - Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

    A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP - pronounced "snip"), a variation at a single site in DNA, is the most frequent type of variation in the genome. For example, there are around 10 million SNPs that have been identified in the human genome. As SNPs are highly conserved throughout evolution and within a population, the map of SNPs serves as an excellent genotypic marker for research.

    SNPs are often found to be a cause in many human diseases and are also of particular interest in pharmacogenetics. For a variation to be considered a SNP, it must occur in at least 1% of the population.  While many SNPs have no effect on trait or condition, others could predispose people to disease or influence their response to a drug.

    *CNV (copy number variation) is a segment of DNA in which copy-number differences have been found by comparison of two or more genomes.

    *SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) is a variation at a single site of DNA. Often found to be a cause in many human diseases and are also of particular interest in pharmacogenetics.